How to File for an LCC in Colorado

Updated on January 22, 2024

Starting a limited liability company (LLC) in Connecticut can be a great way to formally structure your small business. An LLC offers liability protection and tax flexibility for business owners. There are a few key steps you need to take to establish your Connecticut LLC. First, you’ll need to choose a business name and register it with the Connecticut Secretary of State. Next, you’ll create an operating agreement. You’ll also need to obtain any necessary business licenses or permits. Additionally, be sure to set up accounting procedures and obtain an EIN from the IRS.

Understanding LLCs

An LLC, or limited liability company, is a business structure that combines aspects of partnerships and corporations. LLCs provide liability protection for the owners, called members, so their personal assets are generally protected from business debts and claims. At the same time, LLCs allow pass-through taxation like partnerships, avoiding double taxation on business income.

Some key things to know about LLCs:

  • LLCs can be owned by one or more people or businesses
  • They are formed by filing articles of organization with the state
  • LLCs require less paperwork and maintenance than corporations
  • Members can manage the LLC themselves or appoint managers

Forming an LLC protects owners’ personal assets and allows flexibility in management and tax treatment. These benefits make LLCs a popular choice for small businesses and startups in Connecticut and across the U.S.

Choosing a Name for Your LLC

When starting an LLC in Connecticut, it’s important to choose the right name. Here are some tips:

  • Check name availability by searching the Connecticut Secretary of State database. Make sure the name you want is not already taken by another business.
  • Include words like “Limited Liability Company,” “LLC,” or “L.L.C.” at the end of the name to identify as an LLC.
  • Avoid using restricted words that require additional paperwork like “bank” or “trust.”
  • Pick a name that reflects your brand and is easy to remember. You can register a DBA if you want to use a fictitious business name.

The right LLC name establishes your brand and makes a good first impression. Check availability early on to lock in your preferred name for your Connecticut LLC.

Selecting a Registered Agent

When starting an LLC in Connecticut, you must designate a registered agent. This is a person or business that agrees to accept legal documents on behalf of your LLC if you ever get sued or receive an official notice from the state. Here’s what to know about choosing your Connecticut LLC’s registered agent:

  • The registered agent must have a physical street address in Connecticut, not just a P.O. Box. They must be available at this address during normal business hours.
  • You can designate yourself, a trusted co-owner, or your attorney as the registered agent. Alternatively, you can hire a professional registered agent service to handle this responsibility.
  • Consider accessibility and reliability when selecting an agent. You want to ensure they will convey legal documents to you promptly.
  • You must name your registered agent when filing your LLC formation documents with the Connecticut Secretary of State.

Be sure to choose a responsible registered agent, as this is required to start and maintain your Connecticut LLC.

Filing Your LLC Paperwork

Once you have chosen a business name and registered it with the Connecticut Secretary of State, the next step is to file your LLC formation documents. This paperwork legally establishes your LLC. Here’s an overview of what needs to be filed:

  • Articles of Organization form – This form provides key details about your LLC, like the business name, address, membership details, and registered agent.
  • Certificate of Publication form – You must publish a legal notice about your LLC formation in a local newspaper within 60 days of filing the Articles. This certificate proves you met the publication requirement.

In addition, you’ll need to draft and adopt an operating agreement, although this document does not get filed with the state. The operating agreement outlines important governance and operational processes for your LLC.

You can submit your Connecticut state LLC filing forms online through the Secretary of State’s website, by mail, or in person. The filing fee is $120 and processing time is typically 3-5 business days.

Ensure that you complete all sections of the state filing forms accurately and completely. Not providing required information can lead to processing delays. You’ll also want to save and securely store copies of all your final submitted LLC paperwork.

Drafting an LLC Operating Agreement

An operating agreement is an important document that outlines the financial and functional decisions in an LLC. Here are key steps to draft an operating agreement for your Connecticut LLC:

  • Define membership structure – Clearly lay out the ownership percentages and distribution of profits/losses amongst members. Also address voting rights and the process for adding/removing members.
  • Assign management roles – Will your LLC be member-managed or manager-managed? Define the roles and responsibilities of each position.
  • State contribution requirements – Specify the initial and ongoing capital contributions from each member. This ensures clear financial expectations.
  • Allocate profits and losses – Explain how income, expenses, profits, and losses will be divided amongst members.
  • Plan member distributions – Determine how often distributions will be made (e.g. quarterly, annually) and the process for issuing distributions.
  • Establish voting procedures – Outline the percentage of votes required to approve company decisions and actions per Connecticut law.

Having an airtight operating agreement sets clear expectations, minimizes disputes, and ensures the overall stability of an LLC. Consider working with a local business attorney when drafting your agreement to ensure it complies with Connecticut laws and protects all members’ interests.

Obtaining Tax Identification Numbers

One of the steps for starting an LLC in Connecticut is obtaining tax identification numbers from the appropriate government agencies. This includes getting an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and a Connecticut Tax Registration Number from the Connecticut Department of Revenue Services (DRS).

  • To get an EIN, you can apply online through the IRS website. This number is used for federal tax purposes.
  • For the DRS tax registration, you must complete Form REG-1. This registers your business for applicable state taxes.

Having valid tax ID numbers from the IRS and DRS allows your Connecticut LLC to operate legally and pay any required taxes. These registrations are typically straightforward processes but important compliance steps when forming an LLC.

Pros and Cons of Starting an LLC in California

Starting a limited liability company (LLC) in Connecticut offers both advantages and disadvantages to consider. On the plus side, forming an LLC can provide several benefits:

  • Limited personal liability – LLC owners typically cannot be held personally liable for company debts or lawsuits.
  • Tax flexibility – LLCs allow you to choose how your business is taxed.
  • Credibility – Forming an LLC establishes business credibility with customers.

However, there are also a few potential downsides to weigh:

  • Increased legal and accounting costs – LLCs require more recordkeeping and reporting compared to sole proprietorships.
  • Setup costs – There are filing fees to form an LLC in Connecticut.

Overall, the liability protection and flexibility often make starting an LLC worthwhile for many small business owners in Connecticut.

Cost Considerations

When starting an LLC in Connecticut, there are several costs to consider. The filing fee to register an LLC with the Secretary of State is $120. You may also need to pay a publication fee to announce the LLC formation in a local newspaper, which can range from $50-$300 depending on the paper.

Additionally, you may incur attorney fees if you use a business lawyer to help with forming the LLC, which could cost $200 per hour or more. Other costs can include:

  • Annual report filing fee – $80
  • Registered agent service – $100+ per year
  • Business licenses and permits
  • Accounting software or services

Carefully projecting these start up and ongoing costs is important when forming an LLC to ensure adequate capital and operating funds. Structuring your LLC properly on the front-end can save money over the long run.

Economical LLC Formation Options

When starting an LLC in Connecticut, it’s important to keep costs low, especially when just launching your business. Here are some of the most affordable options for LLC formation:

  • Use an online service like LegalZoom or Incfile to form your LLC. These services charge $79-99 plus state fees to prepare your articles of organization and submit the paperwork.
  • Hire a business attorney to review your filing. While attorneys typically charge $200-500 to form an LLC, you may be able to pay a lower hourly rate for an attorney to simply review your paperwork rather than complete it.
  • File yourself using the mail. You can save money by completing the Connecticut Secretary of State’s forms yourself and submitting via mail. The state filing fee is $120.

Balancing cost and legal compliance is key when forming your Connecticut LLC. Using resources like online services, attorneys, and state guides can help you incorporate affordably.

Pre-Formation Steps

Taking the proper pre-formation steps when starting a Connecticut LLC can set your new business up for success. Here are some key things you’ll need to do before officially forming your LLC:

  • Choose a business name that complies with Connecticut’s naming requirements. Search the business entity database to ensure your chosen name isn’t already taken.
  • Draft an operating agreement detailing ownership stakes, voting rights, profit/loss distribution, and rules for dissolving the LLC.
  • Obtain necessary business licenses and permits for your type of business and location.
  • Set up accounting procedures, and decide if you will handle accounting yourself or work with an accountant or bookkeeper.

Taking care of these key pre-formation requirements in Connecticut will ensure your LLC is properly set up and compliant when you are ready to officially register with the state.

Comparing Business Entity Types

When starting a business in Connecticut, you have several options for structuring your company. Some of the most common business structures include sole proprietorships, partnerships, corporations, and limited liability companies (LLCs). Here is a brief comparison of some key factors to consider when choosing an entity type:

  • Liability protection – Sole proprietors and general partners have unlimited personal liability for debts and legal issues related to the business. LLC members, corporate shareholders, and limited partners have limited personal liability.
  • Taxes – Sole proprietors and partnerships pass profits and losses to the business owner’s personal tax return. Corporations and LLCs have pass-through taxation by default, but corporations can also elect to be taxed as a C corporation or S corporation.
  • Ownership flexibility – LLCs can have unlimited owners and more flexible ownership arrangements. Partnerships are limited to general partners and limited partners. Corporations have shareholders, directors and officers.
  • Operational simplicity – Sole proprietorships are easiest to run with few legal formalities. Partnerships and especially corporations have more complex operating requirements and formalities.

In summary, LLCs provide personal liability protection with pass-through taxation and fewer legal formalities than corporations. For these reasons, LLCs are a popular choice for small business owners in Connecticut. However, consulting an attorney and accountant can help weigh the pros and cons for your specific business.

After Filing Your LLC in Connecticut

Once your Articles of Organization have been filed with the Connecticut Secretary of State, there are some next steps you need to take to properly set up your LLC. Here’s what to do after forming your Connecticut LLC:

Properly completing these key steps after forming your Connecticut LLC will set your business up for success. Consult with accounting, legal, and tax professionals as needed to ensure you meet all operating and reporting requirements. Maintaining compliance will keep your LLC in good legal standing.

Business Licenses and Permits

When starting an LLC in Connecticut, you may need to obtain certain business licenses and permits depending on your industry and location. Some common licenses and permits include:

  • Business license – Most cities and towns in Connecticut require a general business license to operate. Fees are typically under $100 annually.
  • Zoning permit – If you plan to operate out of a commercial space, you may need a zoning permit or conditional use permit to ensure your business activities are allowed.
  • Health department permit – Industries involving food service, beauty, or child care may require permits from the Connecticut Department of Public Health.
  • Seller’s permit – If selling taxable goods, you’ll need a Connecticut sales tax permit.
  • Professional license – Some professional services like medical, legal, accounting, or construction require occupational licenses.

Be sure to research the relevant state and local requirements for your LLC’s industry and location in Connecticut.

Growth Considerations for Your LLC

As your Connecticut LLC grows, there are some key considerations to keep in mind. Proper planning for growth will help ensure your LLC continues operating smoothly.

  • Evaluate if your current business structure still meets the needs of your expanding company or if you need to consider converting to another structure like an S corporation.
  • Examine your tax situation to make sure you are taking all available deductions and optimizing taxes as your revenues and expenses increase.
  • As you take on more clients or customers, consider whether you need to upgrade your accounting systems to continue managing finances effectively.
  • Develop a human resources plan to smoothly add employees to your team to meet growing demands.

Additional Resources

If you still have questions after reviewing the steps on how to form an LLC in Connecticut, below are some helpful external resources. These sites provide useful information, forms, and guides to assist you in starting your Connecticut LLC.

Connecticut Secretary of State—Redesign/How-to-Form-a-Business-EntityOfficial state site with information and forms to file a LLC.
Nolo Guide of Connecticut’s LLC filing rules and requirements.

Reviewing these additional online resources can supplement what you’ve learned about starting a Connecticut LLC. They provide up-to-date details from official government and legal sources.


Starting an LLC in Connecticut provides important legal and tax benefits for small business owners. By following the key steps outlined in this article, you can officially register your business with the Connecticut Secretary of State, obtain an EIN from the IRS, create an operating agreement, open business banking accounts, understand tax requirements, and maintain compliance.

As a newly formed Connecticut LLC, be sure to leverage the flexibility and protections this business structure offers. Consult with professionals like lawyers, accountants, bankers, and insurance agents to get your LLC set up for success. Utilize resources from the Connecticut Business Portal and U.S. Small Business Administration to continue growing your knowledge. With the proper planning and support, your Connecticut LLC can thrive for many years to come.

We covered the core steps involved with forming an LLC in Connecticut, but every business situation is unique. Adapt this guidance to match your own goals, resources and timeline as you get your new business off the ground.


What are the requirements to form an LLC in Connecticut?

Some of the key requirements are: choose a business name; file articles of organization; appoint a registered agent; create an operating agreement; get an EIN; comply with licensing and permits.

How do I choose a name for my Connecticut LLC?

Your LLC name must include LLC, L.L.C. or Limited Liability Company and be distinguishable from other business names filed in Connecticut. You can check name availability on the Secretary of State website.

What are articles of organization for a Connecticut LLC?

Articles of organization are a formal document that must be filed with the CT Secretary of State to legally form your LLC. They include basic information like your business name, address, registered agent etc.

Does my CT LLC need a registered agent?

Yes. A registered agent accepts legal/tax documents on behalf of your LLC. They must have a CT address and consent to the appointment. You can appoint yourself or hire a third party.

What is an operating agreement and does my CT LLC need one?

An operating agreement outlines the ownership, structure, rules for your LLC. It’s recommended for CT LLCs even if you are the sole owner. It makes things clear if you add owners later.

How do I get an EIN for my Connecticut LLC?

An EIN is like a SSN for your business. You can easily apply online at the IRS website or file Form SS-4. This gets you an EIN immediately.

What licenses and permits does my CT LLC need?

It depends on your industry and local regulations. Common examples include business licenses, sales tax permits and industry-specific licenses applicable to your business activities.

What are the fees and costs to set up a Connecticut LLC?

The filing fee is $120. You may also incur registered agent fees, operating agreement creation costs, licensing fees etc. So prepare for these expenses.

Frank Gogol

A seasoned SEO expert, Frank has a long history of working with and for startups. Starting in mid-2018, Frank served as the SEO Strategist for Stilt, a fintech startup that provided fair loans for immigrants in the US and other underserved markets. While with the company, he scaled site traffic from zero to more than 1.5 million unique visits per month, driving the bulk of the company’s lead generation until it was acquired by J.G. Wentworth in December 2022. As employee #5 at Stilt, Frank was witness to, and part of, the successful building and sale of a fintech company, uniquely positioning him to create content for founders about all things startups.